What are the symptoms of moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

The impact of a moderate to severe brain injury can include:

Cognitive deficits including difficulties with:

  • attention
  • concentration
  • distractability
  • memory
  • speed of processing
  • confusion
  • perseveration
  • impulsiveness
  • language processing
  • “executive functions”

Speech and Language

  • not understanding the spoken word (receptive aphasia)
  • difficulty speaking and being understood (expressive aphasia)
  • slurred speech
  • speaking very fast or very slow
  • problems reading
  • problems writing

Sensory

  • difficulties with interpretation of touch, temperature, movement, limb position and fine discrimination

Perceptual

  • the integration or patterning of sensory impressions into psychologically meaningful data

Vision

  • partial or total loss of vision
  • weakness of eye muscles and double vision (diplopia)
  • blurred vision
  • problems judging distance
  • involuntary eye movements (nystagmus)
  • intolerance of light (photophobia)

Hearing

  • decrease or loss of hearing
  • ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • increased sensitivity to sounds

Smell

  • loss or diminished sense of smell (anosmia)

Taste

  • loss or diminished sense of taste

Seizures

  • the convulsions associated with epilepsy that can be several types and can involve disruption in  consciousness, sensory perception, or motor movements

Physical Changes

  • physical paralysis/spasticity
  • chronic pain
  • control of bowel and bladder
  • sleep disorders
  • loss of stamina
  • appetite changes
  • regulation of body temperature
  • menstrual difficulties

Social-Emotional

  • dependent behaviors
  • emotional ability
  • lack of motivation
  • irritability
  • aggression
  • depression
  • disinhibition
  • denial/lack of awareness

Nationwide Verdict Tracker

Brain Injury Verdicts & Settlements

New York Injury Cases Blog

Substantial Reduction of Award for Future Pain and Suffering Damages in Knee Injury Case

June 19th, 2017

On September 28, 2010, Susan Sermoneta was waiting for a subway train at West 181st Street in Manhattan when another passenger, David Cloud, slipped on a slimy substance on the subway platform that ha... ...

Pain and Suffering Verdict Affirmed for Scar on Infant’s Cheek

June 5th, 2017

On August 25, 2011 Erica Abreu was admitted to Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx for an elective Caesarean section. The delivery, by two obstetrician-gynecologists, took only about 15 minutes and... ...

Erroneous Preclusion of Evidence Requires Retrial of Damages Verdict in Spinal Injury Case

May 30th, 2017

On November 23, 2011 Melissa Shillingford was stopped for a red light on Beach Avenue at the Cross Bronx Expressway intersection.  As the light turned green, her 1997 Honda Accord vehicle was struck... ...

Visit John Hochfelder's
New York Injury Cases Blog »